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Posts Tagged ‘Victorian era’

Anglo-American conference 2009: Cities
Imagining low life before the East End’s invention, c.1780s to 1840s
Vic Gatrell (University of Cambridge)

Abstract: This paper looks at East London life before Victorian observers ‘invented’, ‘ideologically constructed’, ‘mythicised’, or ‘problematised’ the ‘East End’ (as the fashionable phrases nowadays go). It sets aside the Victorian judgements and anxieties through which many historians still filter their views of East London and, without denying its deprivations, it speculates how best we might treat its ‘low life’ in its own and more positive terms.

Recalling Dr Johnson’s advice to Boswell in 1783 to go with curious eye and philosophic mind to Wapping the better to measure London’s ‘wonderful extent and variety’, the paper focuses on the century after 1750 or so, to wonder what it was that outsiders were responding to when they described East Enders as ‘happy’, and allowed them their own exuberant vitality.

To listen to this podcast click here.

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Sport and Leisure History
5 June 2011
Professor Peter Bailey (University of Manitoba)
Entertainmentality!  Modernising Pleasure in a Victorian Leisure Industry, or Did Foucault Ever Play the Hackney Empire?

What is entertainmentality?  That was my first question when I saw the title of Professor Peter Bailey’s paper and quite possibly (I imagine) will be your first reaction as well.  Thankfully Bailey provides us with a definition and admits that it is a ‘hyped-up’ word but one used for very good reason.  Entertainmentality is a derivative of sorts from Foucault’s concept of governmentality.  Foucault developed this concept near the end of his life (somewhere around the 1970s/80s) as a way of describing the art of government.  It looks not only at the strategies of government that are easily apparent but those elements designed to render society governable.  In essence Foucault was looking at how governments maintain social discipline.

Entertainmentality then, looks at how the rising up of the entertainment industry in Victorian Britain was managed, strategized and organised to enable leisure to become an acceptable past-time whilst also maintaining a society with a strong and healthy work ethic.  Many of those in position of authority did not believe that ‘fun’ was an acceptable use of a workforce’s time and saw the rise of an entertainment industry as a threat to social order and governmentality. 

In this paper Bailey studies the Victorian musical industry as the prototype modern entertainment industry.  In particular he focuses on the contemporary debate and social/moral re-organisation involved in whether or not leisure and fun were acceptable and legitimate forms of pass time or even indeed, a human right. 

19th century Fairground scenes (Pathe)

Trying to find a image to go with this summary I decided also to go for a video.  I couldn’t find anything relating to the Victorian music industry but there were several videos from Victorian theme parks (like this one from Pathe).  Another important aspact of Victorian leisure activities.

In the podcast Bailey works through various examples of ‘celebrity’ supporters of ‘fun’ and leisure entertainment and the arguments they used to silence critics.  Bailey also looks more closely at the Victorian musical industry to understand how they operated and for what reason.  He looks at how conformity was of key importance to the eventual rise of leisure whilst also providing for the viewpoints of the dominant cultural order.

To access the podcast please click here.

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