Posts Tagged ‘women’

The Ruin is Irreversible: Female Voices in the Anti-Feminist Backlash, 1970-Present
Gender and History in the Americas
Nadja Janssen (London Centre of Arcadia University)
5 November 2012, 17:30 GMT

On Monday we will be streaming live Nadja Janssen, who will be talking about the anti-feminist backlash for the Gender and History in the Americas seminar.  As usual the stream will include the option to take part in the discussion through out chat pop out.

Please do join us for what promises to be an interesting paper.

To join us click here on Monday

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Central part of La Habana, Cuba called Vedado.

The new seminar season is upon us and what better way to begin than with a live streamed seminar.  This time around we have a seminar from the Gender and History in the Americas group (see here for their seminar programme).  As per usual you will be able to follow the seminar on the History SPOT video and discuss using the chat facility.  After the paper is completed you will be able to post questions for the speaker on the chat.

 Jay Kleinberg (Brunel University), Cigars and Politics: An Intersectional and Transnational Approach to Cuban Women’s Immigration and Work in the United States, 1880-2000 (Gender and History in the Americas seminar)

Date: Monday 1st October 2012

Time: 17:30 (BST)

To join us visit the History SPOT live stream page at 5.30pm on Monday.


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Today we present the final episode from the 2009 Anglo-American conference.  It is a timely wrapping up from that conference as tomorrow the IHR engages the topic of Ancients and Moderns at this year’s Anglo-American.  It should be fun!  We have papers looking at a wide range of classical history and later reflections and uses of that past.    There will also be a publishers fair that is free and available to everyone, so if you are not attending the actual conference but are in the Bloomsbury area of London, please do pop over to have a look.  Publishers will be offering substantial discounts on a variety of books so pick up a bargain!  Anyway, onto our final abstract from 2009!  
Anglo-American conference 2009: Cities
Women and the city: investment, banking and the spread of women’s financial activity in early eighteenth-century England
Anne Laurence (Open University)

Abstract: The tale of the financial revolution in early eighteenth-century England is usually told in terms of the development of financial institutions following the foundation of the Bank of England in 1694 and the expansion of the stock market, especially during the period of the South Sea Bubble of 1720. But much of this would have been impossible without changes – both through legislation and in the courts – that made the transfer of funds between individuals, banks and joint stock companies easier and more secure. These changes made it possible for private individuals, both men and women, to start to use banks and the stock market without being part of the commercial elite of the City of London. It is in this period that the ‘city’ ceased to be a geographical location where banking and stock market activity took place and became a virtual space in which the new financial markets operated.

In particular, this transformation affected women. For the most part they had been outside the commercial and mercantile networks that had characterised the limited financial markets that existed before 1694. Acts of Parliament of 1698 and 1704 and the development of the use of letters of attorney allowed money to be transferred more securely and stock to be bought and sold without the owner visiting the company offices in person. While newspapers during the South Sea Bubble wrote of the visibility of women in ’Change Alley, what was significant in reality was the participation in the market, often for the first time, of women living in the provinces or who visited London only occasionally.

This paper will explore the impact of the new ‘virtual City’ on women’s finances and consider the extent to which their experience differed from that of men.

To listen to this podcast click here.

To listen to the other podcasts from the Anglo-American conference 2009 on Cities click here.

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Histories of Home
6 December 2011
Helen Schneider (University of Oxford)
Domestic responsibilities: the discipline of home economics in twentieth century China

Chinese traditional style kitchen built in the Qing Dynasty of China , located in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China

The development of home economics education in China in the early twentieth-century was in part a parallel to similar developments in America and the Western world, but also in part an attempt in China to improve standards.  There was an entrenched belief that women were naturally inclined toward homemaking and that home economics study was to supplement and improve the skills Chinese woman already possessed.  Helen Schneider looks at how home economics provide us the opportunity to study gender roles, family, and the organisation of the home in the early twentieth century.  The Chinese example, as of those elsewhere, favoured a push towards making home economics a science focusing on hygiene, food chemistry, house design and time management skills amongst much else.  Practice homes were created to train students where decisions were made as to how western or how Chinese these should be.  For instance electric lights were added (which were less common in China than in America) but chopsticks remained.  The rise of home economics as a discipline fell again as the century progressed and it is now a largely forgotten footnote both in China and the West, yet as Schneider shows us, there is still much that can be learnt from its study. 

 To listen to this podcast click here.

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Voluntary Action History
Two Tier Philanthropy: the Philanthropists who funded the Bishop of London’s Fund and the work that the Fund financed, 1863 to 1914
Sarah Flew (The Open University)
10 October 2011


Sarah Flew looks at nineteenth century philanthropy from the alternative perspective of religion.  We all know that religious institutions were highly involved in philanthropic and charitable causes especially in this period, in Britain; however what is probably less well known is that much philanthropy became concerned with spiritual destitution rather than focusing on physical destitution.  Flew looks at this issue partly from the evidence in general, but also by looking at the biographical details of the funders behind these philanthropic organisations.

St Paul's, London

The case study here is the Bishop of London’s fund which is undoubtedly linked to religious causes and purposes.  After a brief expose on the origins of the Bishop’s Fund and other funds to have sprung up through the efforts of Bishop Tate, Flew shows how the rise of the Bishop’s Fund derived out of the 1851 religious census in London that showed that a large percentage of the population choose not to attend service on census Sunday.  To make matters worse for the church the secularisation of government and governmental policy meant a cessation of funding schemes for ecclesiastical purposes. 

This conclusion about the state of religious interest in London was unexpected.  At this very time there was an explosion of attempts to improve and expand the church fabric, presence and preaching in the belief that there was inadequate provision and that there was a waiting audience for it.  The need to re-establish the church presence and to reduce spiritual destitution revealed that the opposite was true. 

The brief expansion of charity organisations declined again in the 1880s as finances ceased, however the Bishop of London’s fund continued to grow and be successful.  In its early days the fund was largely subscribed by men only but increasingly women’s subscriptions increased and by 1912 made up over 60% of subscribers.  However, it should be noted that women generally gave small amounts whilst male subscribes gave large amounts (due to their larger wealth).

So in the early twentieth century women increased their importance in church life and church rising of money in London whilst male contributions declined.  On the latter, Sarah Flew has not yet found an answer as to why but for the former, women’s roles seems to have increased largely through organisations such as the Women’s Diocese Association which promoted church attendance, fund raising and involvement.   

To listen to this podcast click here.

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